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(Note that in this website we are using the APA Opens in new window style for citing references.)

For other useful reading, see the LAL7000 Learning Support for Research Students Opens in new window reading list


Arnaudet, M. L & Barrett, M.E. (1984). Approaches to Academic Reading and Writing. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Boud, D. (2001). Using Journal Writing to Enhance Reflective Practice. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education,90, (9-18)

Elbow, P. (1998). Writing with Power: Techniques for Mastering the Writing Process. Inc., New York: Oxford University Press.

Flower, L. (1993). Problem-solving Strategies for Writing, (4th ed.). Fort Worth, Texas: Harcourt Brace Jovanovic.

Heimstra, R. (2001). Uses and Benefits of Journal Writing. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 90, 19-26.

Strunk Jnr, W. and White, E.B. (1999). The Elements of Style. (4th Ed.) Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Swales, J.M. & Feak, C.B. (2004). Academic Writing for Graduate Students (2nd ed.). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Taylor, G. (1989). The Student's Writing Guide for the Arts and Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Research on writing

Cameron, D., Frazer, E., Harvey, P., Rampton, M.B.H. & Richardson, K. (1992). Researching Language: Issues of Power and Method. London: Routledge.

Hopkins, A. & T. Dudley-Evans (1988). 'A genre-based investigation of discussion sections in articles and dissertations'. English for Specific Purposes, 7, 113-22.

Hyland, K. (1999). Academic attribution: Citation and the construction of disciplinary knowledge. Applied Linguistics, 20(3), 341-367

Swales, J. (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thaiss, C. & Myers Zawacki, T. (2006). Engaged Writers and Dynamic Disciplines: Research on the Academic Writing Life. Portsmouth, USA: Boynton Cook.

Thompson, G., & Ye, Y. (1991). Evaluation in the reporting verbs used in academic papers. Applied Linguistics, 12(4), 501-530.

Thesis writing and publication

Craswell, Gail. (n.d.). Literature Review Guide, ANU

Evans, D., & Gruba, P. (2002). How to Write a Better Thesis (2nd ed.). Parkville: Melbourne University Press.

Fink, Arlene (1998) Conducting Research Literature Reviews : From Paper to the Internet. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Golden-Biddle, K. and Locke, K. (1997). Composing Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Manolo, E. & Trafford, J. (2004). Thinking to Thesis: A Guide to Graduate Success at all Levels. Auckland, NZ: Pearson Education.

Murray, Rowena. (2002). How to Write a Thesis. Maidenhead and Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Rudestam, K. E. & Newton, R. R. (1992). Surviving your Dissertation: A Comprehensive Guide to Content and Process. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Sadler, D. Royce. (2006). Up the Publication Road : a Guide to Publishing in Scholarly Journals for Academics, Researchers and Graduate Students. HERDSA Green Guide no. 2 (2nd ed). Brisbane: The University of Queensland, Teaching and Educational Development Institute.

Research methods (social sciences)

Burns, R.B. (2000). Introduction to Research Methods (4th ed.) London: Sage Publications.

Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. ( 2000). The Handbook of Qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Dey, I. (1993). Qualitative Data Analysis : A User Friendly Guide for Social Scientists. London: Routledge.

Guba, E.G. (1990). The Paradigm Dialogue. Newbury Park, California.: Sage Publications.

Punch, K.F. (1998). Introduction to Social Research. London: Sage Publications.

Rubin, H.J. & Rubin, I.S. ( 1995) . Qualitative interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Silverman, D. (2005). Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications.

Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. ( 1998). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for developing Grounded Theory ( 2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Wadsworth, Y. (1987). Do It Yourself Social Research. Victorian Council of Social Service.

Thinking and argument

Buzan, T., Israel, R. & Dottino, T. (1999). The Brainsmart Leader. Aldershot, Hampshire: Gower Publishing.

De Bono, E. (1985). Six Thinking Hats. London: Penguin.

Johnson, R.H. & Blair, J.A. (1994). Logical Self Defense. New York; London: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Meiland, Jack W. (1989). Argument as inquiry and argument as persuasion. Argumentation. 3, 185-196.

Peters, Pamela. (1986). Getting the theme across: A study of dominant function in the academic writing of university students. In Barbara Couture (ed.), Functional Approaches to Writing: Research Perspectives. London: Frances Pinter, 169-185.

Toulmin, S., Rieke, R. & Janik, A. (1979). An Introduction to Reasoning. New York: Macmillan.

Toulmin, S. (2003). The Uses of Argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Culture and styles of argumentation

Clyne, M. (1987). Cultural differences in the organization of academic texts. Journal of Pragmatics, 11, 211-147.

Hinds, J. (1987). Reader versus writer responsibility: A new typology. In U. Connor and R. Kaplan (Eds), Writing across languages: Analysis of L2 text (pp. 141-152). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Hinds, J. (1990). Inductive, deductive, quasi-inductive: expository writing in Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and Thai. In U. Connor and A.M. Johns (Eds), Coherence in writing: research and pedagogical perspectives (pp. 87-110). Alexandria, Virginia: TESOL.

Mauranen, A. (1990). Reference in academic rhetoric: A contrastive study of Finnish and English writing. In A. C. Lindeberg (Ed.), Nordic research on text and discourse. Nordtext symposium 1990 (pp. 237-250). Abo, Finland: Abo Akademi Press.

Mauranen, A. (1993). Cultural differences in Academic Rhetoric. Frankfurt : Peter Lang.

Tirkkonen-Condid, S., & Lieflander-Koistinen, L. (1989). Argumentation in Finnish versus English and German editorials. In M. Kusch (Ed.), Text-interpretation-argumentation (pp. 173-181). Hamburg, Germany: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Supervision and adult learning

Brockbank, A. & McGill, I. ( 1998). Facilitating Reflective Learning in Higher Education. Buckingham: SRHE/ Open University Press.

Brookfield, S. (1986). Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Brookfield, S. ( 1990). The Skillful Teacher. San Fransisco, California: Jossey Bass Inc.

Kamler, B, & Thomson, P. (2006) Helping Doctoral Students Write: Pedagogies for Supervision. New York: Routledge.

Moses, I. (1984). Supervision of Higher Degree Students- Problem areas and Possible Solutions. Brisbane: Tertiary Education Institute, University of Queensland.

Powles, M. (1984). The Role of Postgraduates in Australian Research. Melbourne: Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations.

Johnston, S., & Broda, J. (1994). Supporting the Educational Researchers of the Future. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Newcastle.

Lamm, R. (2002). The Interpersonal Relationship in Research Supervision, Confrontation or Nurture? Paper presented at the Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Integrating Perspectives. Adelaide.

Lee, A., & Williams, C. (1999). 'Forged in Fire' : narratives of trauma in PhD supervision pedagogy. Southern Review, 32(1), 6-26.

Mezirow et al. (1990). Fostering Critical Reflection in Adulthood. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Parsloe, P. (1993). Supervising students for higher degrees by research in a social work department. Journal of Further and Higher Education 17 (3), 49-60

Salmon, P. (1992). Achieving a PhD. Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books.


Johnston, S. (1997). Examining the examiners: An analysis of examiners’ reports on doctoral theses. Studies in Higher Education, 22(3), 333-347.

Mullins, J. and Kiley, M. (2002) It’s a PhD, not a Nobel Prize: How experienced examiners assess research theses. Studies in Higher Education, 27(4), 369-386.

Making oral presentations

Woodall, Marian. (1990). Speaking to a Group: Mastering the Skill of Public Speaking. Oregon, USA: Professional Business Communications.

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