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Direct quotes

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Look at the sample Citation C below. How does it differ from indirect quotes in Citations A and B (from the previous exercise)? Why do you think the page number is included here?

Citation C

Disk storage capacity in the hard disk drive has increased 1000-fold in the last sixteen years, and is expected to continue into the future (Lee, Keong and Selvaruban, 1999). Areal density, by contrast, is increasing "at a rate of 60% per year and commensurate price per megabyte reductions" (Grochowski and Fontana 1998, p. 173)...

Citation A

Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image and is thus a description of the amount of detail in a picture (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas, 1996).

Citation B

Grochowski and Fontana (1998), and Shiroishi (1998) attribute lower costs to the introduction of improved technologies including advanced thin film media, magnetoresistive heads and high performance PRML signal processing.



Citation C is a direct quote, as it includes words which have been transcribed directly from the original source. Whenever you use a direct quote - that is, use the exact words from the original source - you should indicate this with quotation marks and provide the page number. If a direct quotation is three or more lines in length, quotations marks are not necessary and the quote is usually indented and separated from the text in your assignment. For example:

In assessing the future development of hard disk drives, Peterson points out that:

Developments in memory technology could mean that solid state storage becomes a serious alternative to the hard disk. Solid-state disk technology, with data stored in huge banks of high speed RAM, is already available at a high-end server level, but with current RAM it can't reach the capacities or price points to make it a mainstream proposition (2000, p.76).
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