Stringent requirements on the purity of pharmaceutically important proteins such as interferon, vaccines and antibodies as well as the growing interest in medical and biotechnological research in separating bio-molecules impose a need to handle the purification of these proteins from complex mixtures in highly efficient and predictable manners.
The conversion of solar energy into electricity is attracting more attention as non-renewable energy reserves diminish. Dye sensitised solar cells (DSSCs), first reported by Michael Grätzel in 1991, are one viable alternative to ‘classical’ photovoltaics.
With global oil supplies becoming increasingly inaccessible and atmospheric carbon levels rising at an alarming rate, development of a sustainable alternative transport fuel is essential for future economic and ecological stability. Hydrogen (H2) is a favorable alternative due to its dynamic application potential and its low atmospheric impact.
Benign Gold Processing Australia is ranked third in the world for gold reserves (economic demonstrated resources) and production, behind South Africa and the United States. Gold mining and processing is a therefore a large scale industry within Australia...